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Fiji Islands

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Republic of the Fiji Islands
Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti (Fijian)
Fijī Ripablik
फ़िजी द्वीप समूह गणराज्य
(Fiji Hindi)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui
Fear God and honour the Queen
Anthem: God Bless Fiji
Capital
(and largest city)
Suva
18°10′S 178°27′E
Official language(s) English, Bau Fijian, andHindi[1]
Demonym Fiji Islander, Fijian
Government Military junta andParliamentary Republic
- Paramount Chief of Fiji Queen Elizabeth II1
- President Epeli Nailatikau
- Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama
- GCC Chairman Ratu Epeli Nailatikau
Independence from the United Kingdom
- Date 10 October 1970
- Republic 28 September 1987
Area
- Total 18,274 km2 (155th)
7,056 sq mi
- Water (%) negligible
Population
- 2009 estimate 849,000[2] (156th)
- Density 46.4/km2 (148th)
120.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
- Total $3.850 billion[3]
- Per capita $4,358[3]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
- Total $3.060 billion[3]
- Per capita $3,464[3]
HDI (2007) 0.762 (medium) (92nd)
Currency Fijian dollar (FJD)
Time zone (UTC+12)
- Summer (DST) (UTC+13[4])
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .fj
Calling code 679
1 Recognised by the Great Council of Chiefs.

 

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 25 May 2010 12:54  

Newsflash

A recent initiative could have a major influence on how Pacific Island countries deal with natural disasters. Pacific Disaster Risk Assessment is an ambitious 20-month-long project that has included the Pacific island countries of Fiji, the Cook Islands, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Niue, Nauru, the Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Palau, Kiribati and Timor Leste.

It also involved a team of 15 researchers who began last February to gather information on the precise number of natural disasters that have taken place in each of the participating countries, based on records collected since 1830.

Earthquakes, tropical cyclones, tsunami, severe local storms, floods, storm surges, and landslides, totaling 448 natural disasters, all feature in the inventory. The research team also used the countries’ most recent census figures, key for estimating human casualties and displacement.