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Needs of outer islands top climate change lessons learned at Pacific meeting

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Lessons learn

9 September 2015, Colonia

The special needs of outer island communities must be considered in the planning and design of climate change adaptation projects.

That was a clear message stressed by participants at the Global Climate Change Alliance: Pacific Small Islands States (GCCA: PSIS) project’s ‘lessons learnt’ meeting that recently concluded in Yap State in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM).

The Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) in partnership with the European Union (EU) hosted this important reflective consultation involving 70 participants from Pacific Island states and other development partners.

Besides logistical challenges such as limited transportation, climate change adaptation projects must be sensitive to the particular customs and ways of life in outer islands, which include traditional governance structures and unique local languages.

 

 

“It is critical to communicate in the local language because when people understand what we are saying, they are able to engage and fully contribute to project activities,” the project’s Country Coordinator in Cook Islands, Teina Rongo, said.

“Combining traditional and local knowledge with scientific data is important in understanding the impacts of climate change and variability in our islands,” he added.

Participants also discussed ways to measure the impact of climate change adaption activities in outer islands.

There is a need to develop indicators that include culture, customs, market forces, sources of income and population dynamics.

“The only income earners are teachers and local government officials who comprise less than 10% of the population,” said FSM Assistant Secretary, Resources and Development, Alissa Takesy, referring to FSM’s outer islands.

“It is a subsistence community so measuring against a cash economy isn’t always suitable; we need to include islanders’ traditional rights to land and marine resources.”

Recognising the special needs of communities and of groups such as children, women, those with disabilities and the elderly was also discussed.

Participants had the opportunity to visit Fais Island in Yap State in FSM and see for themselves the project activities which provided rainwater catchment systems for household compounds and the refurbishment of a community well.

“Everyone has the right to clean water, which is a scarce commodity in the outer islands, where people, have to walk long distances to secure water for their families,” GCCA: PSIS Climate Change Coordinator in FSM, Belinda Hadley, said.

“This project is really benefitting the women and children since they are ones tasked with carting water to the homes every day.”

EU Delegation for the Pacific’s Programme Manager, Infrastructure and Natural Resources, Martin Chong reiterated that "the lessons learned by the nine participating countries and SPC as the EU implementing partner, and shared openly over the two days of the meeting amounts to a real positive output from the project as a whole.”

Chong added, “With the effects of climate change being the common challenge, the lessons learned and the projects implemented in each country can be replicated as demonstrated by the South-South collaboration between Tonga and Palau, specifically looking at the coastal adaptation measures in Tongatapu and their possible application in Palau where similar challenges exist".

The project also launched nine country climate change adaptation videos at the meeting.

These videos, produced by SPC, highlight some of the stories and experiences, as well as the lessons learnt from the implementation of the project.

To view the full set of videos, visit https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLCq-WnF3Hdri67k5l3c-ew7AyfhQcWIXq

The Global Climate Change Alliance: Pacific Small Island States project is an European Union initiative, made possible with funding of €11.4 million. It is implemented regionally by SPC and nationally by each of the nine participating governments in Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Tonga and Tuvalu.

More information on the GCCA: PSIS project is available online at: http://projects.pacificclimatechange.net/projects/global-climate-change-alliance-pacific-small-island-states

Media contacts: Zhiyad Khan, SPC Project Communications Assistant, email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Sanya.Ruggiero, EU Press and Information Intern, email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Last Updated on Wednesday, 16 September 2015 09:54  

Newsflash

The small Polynesian island nation of Tuvalu has been the focus of climate change impacts for years.  The four reef islands and five true atolls that make up Tuvalu only just break the surface of the surrounding Pacific Ocean and have an average height of 1 metre above sea level. Tuvalu’s geography and location poses many challenges to the people that live there.

The atolls are regularly inundated by high tides and storms and freshwater is scarce. The contamination of groundwater from septic pollution, salt water intrusion and piggeries means rainwater is the only reliable source of drinking water. Population growth and development has resulted in food security issues and problems with waste management.