SPC Geoscience Division

Home

Fiji Islands

E-mail Print PDF

Republic of the Fiji Islands
Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti (Fijian)
Fijī Ripablik
फ़िजी द्वीप समूह गणराज्य
(Fiji Hindi)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui
Fear God and honour the Queen
Anthem: God Bless Fiji
Capital
(and largest city)
Suva
18°10′S 178°27′E
Official language(s) English, Bau Fijian, andHindi[1]
Demonym Fiji Islander, Fijian
Government Military junta andParliamentary Republic
- Paramount Chief of Fiji Queen Elizabeth II1
- President Epeli Nailatikau
- Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama
- GCC Chairman Ratu Epeli Nailatikau
Independence from the United Kingdom
- Date 10 October 1970
- Republic 28 September 1987
Area
- Total 18,274 km2 (155th)
7,056 sq mi
- Water (%) negligible
Population
- 2009 estimate 849,000[2] (156th)
- Density 46.4/km2 (148th)
120.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
- Total $3.850 billion[3]
- Per capita $4,358[3]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
- Total $3.060 billion[3]
- Per capita $3,464[3]
HDI (2007) 0.762 (medium) (92nd)
Currency Fijian dollar (FJD)
Time zone (UTC+12)
- Summer (DST) (UTC+13[4])
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .fj
Calling code 679
1 Recognised by the Great Council of Chiefs.

 

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 25 May 2010 12:54  

Newsflash

The small Polynesian island nation of Tuvalu has been the focus of climate change impacts for years.  The four reef islands and five true atolls that make up Tuvalu only just break the surface of the surrounding Pacific Ocean and have an average height of 1 metre above sea level. Tuvalu’s geography and location poses many challenges to the people that live there.

The atolls are regularly inundated by high tides and storms and freshwater is scarce. The contamination of groundwater from septic pollution, salt water intrusion and piggeries means rainwater is the only reliable source of drinking water. Population growth and development has resulted in food security issues and problems with waste management.