SPC Geoscience Division


Fiji Islands

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Republic of the Fiji Islands
Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti (Fijian)
Fijī Ripablik
फ़िजी द्वीप समूह गणराज्य
(Fiji Hindi)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Rerevaka na Kalou ka Doka na Tui
Fear God and honour the Queen
Anthem: God Bless Fiji
(and largest city)
18°10′S 178°27′E
Official language(s) English, Bau Fijian, andHindi[1]
Demonym Fiji Islander, Fijian
Government Military junta andParliamentary Republic
- Paramount Chief of Fiji Queen Elizabeth II1
- President Epeli Nailatikau
- Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama
- GCC Chairman Ratu Epeli Nailatikau
Independence from the United Kingdom
- Date 10 October 1970
- Republic 28 September 1987
- Total 18,274 km2 (155th)
7,056 sq mi
- Water (%) negligible
- 2009 estimate 849,000[2] (156th)
- Density 46.4/km2 (148th)
120.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
- Total $3.850 billion[3]
- Per capita $4,358[3]
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
- Total $3.060 billion[3]
- Per capita $3,464[3]
HDI (2007) 0.762 (medium) (92nd)
Currency Fijian dollar (FJD)
Time zone (UTC+12)
- Summer (DST) (UTC+13[4])
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .fj
Calling code 679
1 Recognised by the Great Council of Chiefs.



Last Updated on Tuesday, 25 May 2010 12:54  


SOPAC undertook a scoping mission to Pitcairn Island from the 30 May to 10 June 2010. The main purpose of this mission was to undertake assessments of water in order to address water security on the island as long term droughts are known to affect the 48-person strong population.

In the past, droughts have restricted domestic water supply which is mainly supplied by water tanks (water harvesting) and water available for irrigating crops (mostly from springs). Recently the only borehole and water springs on the island had dried up. This led to the request for solutions to improve their water supply and sanitation on the island.